Adams, M. B., Crosbie, P. B. B. and Nowak, B. F., 2012. Preliminary success using hydrogen peroxide to treat Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., affected with experimentally induced amoebic gill disease (AGD). Journal of Fish Diseases, 35, pp.839–848.

Alexandratos, N. and Bruinsma, J., 2003. World agriculture: towards 2015/2030: an FAO perspective. Land Use Policy, 20(4), p.375.

Althaus, F., Williams, A., Schlacher, T. A., Kloser, R. J., Green, M. A., Barker, B. A. and Schlacher-Hoenlinger, M. A., 2009. Impacts of bottom trawling on deep-coral ecosystems of seamounts are long-lasting. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 397, pp.279-94.

Alverson, D.L., Freeberg, M.H., Murawski, S.A. and Pope, J.G., 1994. A global assessment of fisheries bycatch and discards. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, 339, p.233.

Anonymous, 2003. Cape Clear Heritage Trail.

APHOTOMARINE, NA. Dunlin – Calidris alpina (Seabird and Coastal bird images).

Ball, B., Munday, B. and Fox, G., 1999. The impact of a Nephrops otter trawl fishery on the benthos of the Irish Sea. Journal of Shellfish Research, 18 (2), p.708.

Bax, N., Williamson, A., Aguero, M., Gonzalez, E. and Geeves, W. (2003). Marine invasive alien species: A threat to global biodiversity.  Marine Policy, 27 (4), p.313.

Bielenberg, A., 2009. Ireland and the Industrial Revolution; the impact of the industrial revolution on Irish industry, 1801-1922. London: Routledge.

BIM, 2005. Building a Sustainable Future for Ireland’s Fleet. A Scheme to Permanently Withdraw Capacity from the Demersal and Shellfish Sectors of the Irish Fishing. Bord Iascaigh Mhara.

BIM, 2017. BIM Annual Aquaculture survey. Bord Iascaigh Mhara.

Blunden, G., Campbell, S.A., Smith, J.R., Guity, M.D., Hession, C.C. and Griffin, R.L., 1997. Chemical and Physical Characterization of Calcified Red
Alagal Deposits Known as Maërl. Journal of Applied Phycology, 9, pp.11-17

Bodenhamer, D., 2013. The Potential of Spatial Humanities. In: D.J. Bodenhamer, J. Corrigan and T.M. Harris, ed. The Spatial Humanities: GIS and the Future of Humanities Scholarship. Indiana university Press.

Borges, L., Rogan, E. and Officer, R., 2005. Discarding by the Demersal Fishery in the Waters around Ireland. Fisheries Research76(1), pp.1 –13.

Brabazon, W., 1848. The Deep Sea and Coast Fisheries of Ireland with Suggestions for the Working of a Fishing Company.

Brown, J. and Macfayden, G., 2007. Ghost Fishing in European Waters: Impacts and Management Responses. Marine Policy, 31(4), pp.488–504.

Browne, M. A., Niven, S. J., Galloway, T. S., Rowland, S. J. and Thompson, R. C., 2013. Microplastic Moves Pollutants and Additives to Worms, Reducing Functions Linked to Health and Biodiversity. Current Biology, 23(3), pp.2388-2392.

Callanan, J.J., Literary Remains of JJ Callanan, collected and compiled by John Fitzpatrick Fitzthomas Windele of Blair’s castle, Cork. Royal Irish Academy MSS 12 I 13,  75, p.77.

Callanan, J.J., Literary Remains of JJ Callanan, collected and compiled by John Fitzpatrick Fitzthomas Windele of Blair’s castle, Cork. Royal Irish Academy MSS 12 I 13,  p.12.

Callanan, J.J., Literary Remains of JJ Callanan, collected and compiled by John Fitzpatrick Fitzthomas Windele of Blair’s castle, Cork. Royal Irish Academy MSS 12 I 13,  p.11.

Cannaby, H. and Hüsrevoglu, Y. S., 2009. Low frequency variability and long-term trends in Irish SST records. ICES Journal of Marine Science. In Press.

Carr, P., ed., 1999. The Night of the Big Wind. Belfast.

CECR, 1986. Proposal for a council regulation (EEC) Establishing for 1986 Certain Measures for the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources Applicable to Vessels Flying the Japanese Flag in Waters Falling Under the Sovereignty or Jurisdiction of Portugal. 

Chislock, N. F., Doster, E.,  Zitomer, R.A. and Wilson, A., 2013. Eutrophication: Causes, Consequences, and Controls in Aquatic Ecosystems. Nature Education Knowledge, 4(4), p.10.

Clements, B., 2011. Martello Towers Worldwide. Pen & Sword Books Ltd.

Commissioners of the Irish Fisheries, 1824. Fifth report, for the year 1823. London.

Commissioners of the Irish Fisheries, 1829. Tenth report, for the year ended 5th April 1829. London.

Cooper, J. A. G. and Pilkey, O. H., 2004. Sea-level rise and shoreline retreat: Time to abandon the Bruun Rule. Global and Planetary Change, 43(3-4), pp.157–171.

Cosgrove, R., Cronin, M., Reid, D., Gosch, M., Sheridan, M., Chopin, N. and Jessopp, M., 2013. Seal depredation and bycatch in set net fisheries in Irish waters. Fisheries Resource Series. Bord Iascaigh Mhara, p.10.

Cosgrove, R., Graham, N., Curtin, R., Moore, S.-J., Kelly, E. and Keatinge, M., 2015. At sea simulation of the operational and economic impacts of the landing obligation on Irish demersal fisheries. Report to the Discard Implementation Group, (February), p.13.

Cresswell, T., ed., 2015. Place: An Introduction. Wiley- Blackwell. West Sussex.

Cronin, N., 2016. The fineness of things: The Deep Mapping Projects of Tim Robinson’s Art and Writings, 1969–72. In: D. Gladwin and C. Cusick, ed. 2016. Unfolding Irish Landscapes: Tim Robinson, culture and environment. Manchester university Press.

Croker, T. C., 1844. The keen of the south of Ireland: as illustrative of Irish political and domestic history, manners, music, and superstitions. London.

Cronin, M., Jessopp, M., Houle, J. and Reid, D., 2014. Fishery-Seal Interactions in Irish Waters: Current Perspectives and Future Research Priorities. Marine Policy (44). pp.120-130.

Cubero-Pardo, P. and Bastidas, E.A., 2008. The impact of ecotourism activities on wildlife and sessile benthic species in the Galapagos Marine Reserve. Galapagos Report (2007-2008).

Culloty, S. C. and Mulcahy, M. F., 2007. Bonamia ostreae in the native oyster Ostrea edulis: A Review. Marine Environment and Health Series, 29(1649), pp.1–40

Cummins, V., O’Mahony, C. and Connolly, N., 2003. Review of Integrated Coastal Zone Management and Principals of Best Practice. Science. pp.1-84.

DAFM / Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine, 2011. Value for Money Review : Fisheries Decommissioning Schemes 2005-2008.

DAFM / Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine, 2016. Creed secures 233,500 tonnes of fish quotas, worth €280m for Irish fishermen for 2017.

DAHG / Department of Arts, Heritage, and the Gaeltacht, 2002. National Diversity Plan – Ireland.

DAHG / Department of Arts, Heritage, and the Gaeltacht, 2010. Actions for Biodiversity 2011-2016 Ireland’s National Diversity Plan.

DAHG / Department of Arts, Heritage, Gaeltacht and the Islands, 2010. Actions for Biodiversity 2011-2016.

DAHG / Department of Arts, Heritage, and the Gaeltacht, 2013. Site Name : Lough Hyne Nature Reserve and Environs SAC.

DAHG / Department of Arts, Heritage, Gaeltacht and the Islands, 2015. Interim Draft Review of the Implementation of Actions for Biodiversity 2011-2016

DAHGI / Department of Arts, Heritage, Gaeltacht and the Islands, 2002. National Biodiversity Plan

Danaher, K., 1972. The Year in Ireland. Cork

Damrosch, D., 2013. Jonathan Swift: His Life and His World. Yale University Press.

Darwin, J., 2008. Poison in the Well: Radioactive Waste in the Oceans at the Dawn of the Nuclear Age. Rutgers University Press.

Davenport, J. and Davenport, J. L., 2006. The impact of tourism and personal leisure transport on coastal environments: A review. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf, Science, 67(1-2), pp.280–292.

DELG / Department of the Environment and Local Government, 2001. Coastal Zone Management. Spatial Planning Unit, Dublin.

Delany, P., 1974. Observations Upon Lord Orrery’s Remarks On The Life and Writings of Dr Jonathan Swift..

Derraik, J.G.B., 2002. The Pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: A review.  Marine Pollution Bulletin, 44(9), pp.842-852.

Devoy, R., 2011. Best International Practice for Ireland’s Coastal and Marine Governance. University College Cork. Irish Coastal Network.

Devoy, R., 2003. Coastal Erosion. In: B. Lawlor, ed. 2003. The Encyclopaedia of Ireland.  Gill and McMillan Ltd, Dublin. pp.215-216.

Devoy, R. J. N., 2008. Coastal Vulnerability and the Implications of Sea-Level Rise for Ireland. Journal of Coastal Research, 242(2), pp.325–341.

Dickinson, J. L., Shirk, J., Bonter, D., Bonney, R., Crain, R. L., Martin, J. and Purcell, K., 2012. The current state of citizen science as a tool for ecological research and public engagement’. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 10(6), pp.291–297.

Didham, R. K., Lawton, J. H., Hammond, P. M. and Eggleton, P., 1998. Trophic structure stability and extinction dynamics of beetles (Coleoptera) in tropical forest fragments. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences, 353, pp.437–451.

Drake, J.A. and Mooney, H.A., 1989. Biological Invasions: A Global Perspective. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester.

Duffy, J. E., 2003.Biodiversity Loss, Trophic Skew and Ecosystem Functioning.  Ecology Letters, 6(8), pp.680–687.

EFSA / European Food Safety Authority, 2009. Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain on a request from the European Commission on Marine Biotoxins in Shellfish – Summary on regulated marine biotoxinsThe EFSA Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, pp.1306, 1-23.

Einum, S. and Fleming, S., 1997. Genetic divergence and interactions in the wild among native, farmed and hybrid Atlantic salmon. Journal of Fish Biology, 50. pp.634-651.

Environmental Protection Agency, 1995. EPA Wastewater Treatment Manual: Preliminary Treatment.

Environmental Protection Agency, 2015. Water Quality in Ireland 2010 – 2012.

EC / European Commission, 1997. The Habitats Directive.

EC / European Commission, 2009. The Birds Directive.

EC / European Commission, 2010. Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conservation of wild birds.  Official Journal of the European Union, L 20. pp.7-25.

EC / European Commission, 2012. Flash Eurobarometer 344. Attitudes of Europeans Towards Water Related Issues. Conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of Directorate General for Environment.

EC / European Commission, 2014. A Pocket Guide to the EU’s New Fish and Aquaculture Consumer Level.

EPA, 2015. Urban Waste Water Treatment in 2014. A Report for the Year 2014.  Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA, 2017.  Urban Waste Water Treatment in 2016. Environmental Protection Agency.

EPCEU / European Parliament and Council of the European Union., 2013. REGULATION (EU) No 1380/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 December 2013 on the Common Fisheries Policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1954/2003 and (EC) No 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 2371/2002 and (EC) No. 639/2004 and Council Decision 2004/585. Official Journal of the European Union, L354 (28.12.2013), pp.22–61.

EPCEU / European Parliament and Council of the European Union, and Directive, 1997. Commission of the European communities. World Patent Information (Vol. 1).

Evans, D. and Roma, C., 2006. The Habitats of the European Union Habitats Directive. 173(3), pp. 167–173.

Evans, S. M., Hunter, J. E., Elizal. and Wahju, R. I., 1994. Composition and fate of the catch and bycatch in the Farne Deep (North Sea) Nephrops fishery. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 51(2), pp.155–168.

FAO / Food and Agriculture Organisation, 2002. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organisation. Sofia.

Feely, R. A., Doney, S. C. and Cooley, S. R., 2013. Ocean Acidification: UK Ocean Acidification Programme. Oceanography, 22(4), pp.36–47.

Fenning, H., 1999. Typhus Epidemic in Ireland, 1817-1819: Priests, Ministers, DoctorsCollectanea Hibernica, (41), pp. 117–152.

Fisheries Ireland, Press Release, New Research Finds Salmon Farming Contributes to Sea Lice Infestation on Sea Trout as Valuable Stocks Decline.  Press Release, 9 January 2017.

Forstner, U. and Wittmann, G.T.W., 1979. Metal Pollution in the Aquatic Environment. Springer-Verlag, Berlin,

Freeman, A. M., 1921. Songs from Ballyvourney, Co. Cork, with Irish Texts and Translations. Journal of the Folk-Song Society, (23), January, pp. iii-205.

Furlong, W. and Martin, P.M., 2000. Observer Deployment in the Fishery and Regulatory Self-Enforcement. Microbehavior and Macroresults: Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute ofFisheries Economics and Trade. Corvallis, Oregon.

Gleeson, C., 2015. EPA Report Highlights Raw Sewage Discharge at 45 Sites. the Irish Times.

Graham, N., Hareide, N-R., Large, P.A., MacMullen, P.,  Mulligan, M ., Randall, P.J., Rihan, D. and Peach, D., 2006. Recuperation of Fishing Nets Lost or Abandoned at Sea. The European Commission Directorate – General for Fisheries and Maritime Affairs.

Green, W.S., 1902. The sea fisheries’ in Ireland, industrial and agricultural.  Department of Agriculture, Dublin.

Guiry, M., 2010. History of Seaweed in Ireland. In: A.T. Critchley and D.B. Ohno, ed. 2010. World Seaweed Resources. UNESCO.  Largo.

Hall, S. and Hall, C., 1841.  Ireland: its scenery, character etc., Volume 1. London.

Hall, M. A., Alverson, D. L. and Metuzals, K. I., 2000. By-catch: Problems and Solutions. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 41(1-6), pp.204–219.

Halling-Sørensen, B., Nors Nielsen, S., Lanzky, P. F., Ingerslev, F., Holten Lützhøft, H. C. and Jørgensen, S. E., 1998. Occurrence, fate and effects of pharmaceutical substances in the environment–a review. Chemosphere, 36(2), pp.357-393.

Hamblin, D. J., 2008. Poison in the Well: Radioactive Waste in the Oceans at the Dawn of the Nuclear Age. New Brunswick, New Jersey; London, Rutgers University Press.

Harrison, Roy M., 2001.  Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control, Cambridge.

Hillewaert, A. 2003. Fishing Down the Food Web. A North Sea Perspective. Inspired by the Work of Daniel Pauly (1998).

Hinder, S. L., Hays, G. C., Brooks, C. J., Davies, A. P., Edwards, M., Walne, A. W. and Gravenor, M. B., 2011. Toxic Marine Microalgae and Shellfish Poisoning in the British Isles: History, Review of Epidemiology, and future Implications. Environmental Health : A Global Access Science Source, 10(1), p.54.

Hoch, M., (2001). Organotin Compounds in the Environment – An overview.  Applied Geochemistry, 16(7-8), pp.719-743.

Holland, D., Gudmundsson, E. and Gates, J., 1999. Do Fishing Vessel Buyback Programs Work: A Survey of the Evidence. Marine Policy, 23 (1), pp.47-69.

Hynes, S., Norton, D. and Corless, R., 2014. Investigating Societal Attitudes Towards the Marine Environment of Ireland. Marine Policy, 47, pp.57–65.

Indergaard, M. and Minsaas, J., 1991. Animal and Human Nutrition. In: M.D. Guiry and G. Blunden. ed. Seaweed Resources in Europe : Uses and Potential. John Wiley & Sons.

Inspector of Irish Fisheries on the Sea and Inland Fisheries of Ireland, 1884. Annual Report. London.

Islam, S., Alam, A. K. M. R. and Islam, S., 2010. Analysis of Metal in Wastewater Collected from Three Pharmaceutical Industries Located in Tongi Area of Gazipur District. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 45(3), pp.277–282.

Jackson, D., Drumm, A., McEvoy, S., Jensen, O., Mendiola, D., Gabina, G. and Black, K. D., 2015. A pan-European Valuation of the Extent, Causes and Cost of Escape Events from Sea Cage Fish Farming. Aquaculture, 436, pp.21–26.

Jessopp, M., Mulholland, O., McAllen, R., Johnson, M. P., Crowe, T. P. and Allcock, A. L., 2007. Coastline Configuration as a Determinant of Structure in Larval Assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 352, pp.67–75.

Jessop, M., McAllen, R., O’Halloran, J. and Kelly, T., 2013. Nutrient and Ecosystem Dynamics in Ireland’ s Only Marine Nature Reserve ( NEIDIN ) dataset.

Jones, O., Voulvoulis, N., and Lester, J., 2001. Human Pharmaceuticals in the Aquatic Environment a Review. Environmental Technology, 22(12), pp.1383-1394.

Kaiser, J., 2010. The Dirt on Ocean Garbage Patches. Science, 328(5985), p.1506.

Karagiannakos, A., 1996. Total Allowable Catch (TAC) and Quota Management System in the European Union. Marine Policy, 20(3), pp.235–248.

Kearney, T., 2013. Lough Hyne -From Prehistory to the Present. Macalla Publishing. Ireland.

Kearney, T., 2011.   Lough Hyne: the Marine Researchers – in Pictures Skibbereen, Ireland.

Kelly, C., 2003. ed. The Grand Tour of Cork. Allihies: Cailleach.

Kennedy, D., 2016. Captain Watson and the Nelson Arch. History Ireland (24.1).

Krause, J. C., von Nordheim, H. and Bräger, S., 2006. Marine Nature Conservation in Europe 2006. Proceedings of the Symposium, (May), pp.107–116.

Kuhn, S., Bravo Rebolledo, E.L. and van Franeker, J.A., 2015. Deleterious Effects of Litter on Marine Life. In: M. Bergmann, L. Gutow, and M. Klages, ed. 2015. Marine Anthropogenic Litter, pp.75-116.

Lawton, J.H., 1995. Population dynamic principles. In: J. H. Lawton and R. M. May,  ed. 1995. Extinction Rates. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp.147–163.

Lewison, R. L., Crowder, L. B., Read, A. J. and Freeman, S. A., 2004. Understanding Impacts of Fisheries Bycatch on Marine Megafauna. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 19(11), pp.598–604.

Lewison, R. R., Durkao, M.J., Moffler, M.D., Phillips, R.C. (1985). Seagrass Meadows of Tampa Bay: A Review. In: S.F. Treat, J.S.  Simon, R.R. Lewis,  E.D. Estevez, and S.K. Mahadevan, ed. Proceedings, Tampa Bay Area Scientific Information Symposium. Burgess Publishers Co. Inc., Minneapolis, MN, pp. 210-246.

Lloyd, D., 1987. Nationalism and Minor Literature: James Clarence Mangan and the Emergence of Irish Cultural Nationalism. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Lokkeborg, S., 1998. Seabird By-catch and Bait loss in Long-lining Using Different setting Methods. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 55 (1), pp.145-149.

Lokkeborg, S. and Robertson, G., 2002. Seabird and Longline Interactions: Effects of a Bird-scaring Streamer Line and Line Shooter on the Incidental Capture of Northern Fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis). Biological Conservation, 106(3), pp.359–364.

Lusher, A. L., Hernandez-Milian, G., O’Brien, J., Berrow, S., O’Connor, I. and Officer, R., 2015. Microplastic and Macroplastic Ingestion by a Deep Diving, Oceanic Cetacean: The True’s Beaked Whale, Mesoplodon mirus. Environmental Pollution, 199, pp.185–191.

Lynch, S., Abollo, E., Ramilo, A. and Vilalba, A., 2010. Observations Raise the Question if the Pacific Oyster, Crassostrea gigas, Can Act as Either a Carrier or a Aeservoir for Bonamia ostreae or Bonamia exitiosa.  Parasitology, 137(10), pp.1515-1526.

Macfayden, G., Huntington, T. and Cappell, R., 2009. Abandoned, Lost or Otherwise Discarded Fishing Gear. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, 115.

Mack, R. N., Simberloff, D., Lonsdale, W. M., Evans, H., Clout, M. and Bazzaz, F. A., 2005. Biotic Invasions: Causes, Epidemiology, Global Consequences, and Control. Ecological Applications, 86(4), pp.249–250.

MI / Marine Institute, 2013. Ireland’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive Article 19 Summary Report Initial Assessment, GES and Target Indicators.

Martin, S., 1844. Sketches of Irish history, antiquities, religion, customs, and manners.  J. Robertson, Dublin.

McArdle, J. F., McKiernan, H. Foley, J. and Jones, D. H., 1991. The Current Status of Bonamia Disease in Ireland. Aquaculture, 93, pp.273-278.

McCaughan, M., 1989.  Dandys, Luggers, Herring and Mackerel: A Local Study in the Context of the Irish Sea Fisheries in the Nineteenth Century. In: M. McCaughan and J. Appleby, ed. 1989. The Irish Sea: Aspects of Maritime History. Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies and Ulster Folk and Transport Museum.

McGarrigal, M., Lucey, J. and Ó Cinnéide, M. 2010. Water Quality in Ireland 2007-2009.  Environmental Protection Agency.

McGillicuddy, M., 2008. Mackerel Fishing by Seine Boat in South Kerry and West Cork: c.1880’s1920’s With Particular Reference to the Role of Women. Unpublished Masters Thesis in Local History. University of Limerick.

McGillicuddy, M., 2015. The Role of Women in the Mackerel Fishing Industry in Southern Ireland, c. 1880s -1920s. Paper presented to Women and the Sea Symposium  at Maritime Museum of Ireland.

McGinnity, P., Prodöhl, P., Ferguson, A., Hynes, R., Maoiléidigh, N. O. Baker, N., and Cross, T., 2003. Fitness Reduction and Potential Extinction of Wild Populations of  Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, as a Result of Interactions With Escaped Farm Salmon. Proceedings. Biological Sciences /  The Royal Society, 270(1532), pp.2443– 50.

McGreevy, R. 2013. England Expects. With a Little Help from Nelson’s Irish expects.  The Irish Times. October 15. 

McNeil, B.I. and Matear, R.J., 2006. Projected Climate Change Impact on Oceanic Acidification.  Carbon Balance and Management, 1 (1), p.2.

MCEC / MERC Consultants Environmental and Conservation Services, 2007. Surveys of Sensitive Subtidal Benthic communities in Roaringwater Bay and Islands, Lough Hyne Nature Reserve and Environs, Valentia Harbour and Portmagee Channel, Broadhaven Bay

Minchin, D., 1990. An Historical Summary of Scientific Activities. In: A. A. Myers, C. Little, M.J. Costello and J. C. Partridge, ed. The Ecology of Lough Hyne: Proceedings of a Conference 4- 5 September 1990.  pp.25-29

Minchin, D., 2007. Aquaculture and Transport in a Changing EnvironmentL Overlap and Links in the Spread of Alien Biota. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 55 (7-9), pp.302-313.

Molloy, J., 2004. The Irish Mackerel Fishery: The Making of An Industry. Marine Institute and Killybegs Fishermen’s Organisation Ltd.

Moore, C.J., 2008. Synthetic Polymers in the Marine Environment: A rapidly increasing, long-term threat. Environmental Research, 108(2), pp.131-139.

Moriarty, M., Pedreschi, D., Stokes, D., Dransfeld, L. and Reid, D. G., 2016. Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Litter in the Celtic Sea from Groundfish Survey Data: Lessons for Monitoring. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 103(1-2), pp.195–205.

Morrissey, K., O’Donoghue, C., and Hynes, S., 2011. Quantifying the Value of Multisectoral Marine Commercial Activity in Ireland. Marine Policy, 35(5), pp.721–727.

Mostofa, K. M. G., Liu, C. Q., Vione, D., Gao, K. and Ogawa, H., 2013. Sources, Factors, Mechanisms and Possible Solutions to Pollutants in Marine Ecosystems. Environmental Pollution, 182, pp.461–478.

Murphy, R. J., Tuthill, R. E., Casey, D. and O’Riordan, R,. (NA). Abundances of Nucella lapillus (L) and Littorina littorea (L) as indicators of TBT levels in Cork Harbour and Bantry Bay, Ireland. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University College Cork.

Murray, P., 2006. ed. Whipping the Herring: Survival and Celebration in Nineteenth-Century Irish Art. Cork: Crawford.

Murray, J. 1924. Researches in the South of Ireland, illustrative of the scenery, architectural remains, and the manners and superstitions of the peasantry. With an appendix, containing a private narrative of the rebellion of 1798

NAOO, 2016.  El Nino Prolongs Longest Global Coral Bleaching Event.

NAP / Nitrates Action Plan, 2017. 3rd Review of Ireland’s Nitrates Action Programme Review of submissions Received Under Public Consultation. Report and Recommendations to the Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government and the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine in relation to submissions received and suggested measures to be included in Ireland’s 4th Nitrates Action Programme.

Naramore Maher, S. 2014. Deep Map Country: Literary Cartography of the Great Plains. Nebraska.

National Institute for Coastal and Marine Management of the Netherlands (RIKZ), 2004.  Living with coastal erosion in Europe: Sediment and Space for Sustainability: PART I – Major findings and Policy Recommendations of the EUROSION project. Contract, 57.

Naylor, R. L., Goldburg, R. J., Primavera, J. H., Kautsky, N., Beveridge, M. C., Clay, J., and Troell, M., 2000. Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies. Nature, 405, pp.1017–1024.

Nolan, G., Gillooly, M. and Whelan, K., 2010. Irish Ocean Climate and Ecosystem Status Report 2009. Ocean Science.

Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, 2013. Gill Diseases in Seawater-Farmed Salmon Have Multiple Causes and Lead to Substantial Losses.

NPWS / National Parks and Wildlife Service, NA. Special Areas of Conservation.

O Connell, P., 2009. Iconic Wanderer in Trouble. Species Focus.

O’Brien, T., 2016. EU Takes Action Over Sewage Pollution in State’s Waterways. The Irish Times.

Ó Ceannabháin, P., Ó Conghaile, M. and Ó Tuairisg, L. 2013. Leabhar Mór na nAmhrán. Cló Iar-Chonnacht.

O’Flynn, C., Kelly, J. and Lysaght, L., 2014. Ireland’s Invase and Non-Invasive Species – Trends in Introductions. National Biodiversity Data Centre Series, (2), Ireland.

Ó Madagáin, B., 2005. Caointe agus Seancheolta Eile / Keening and Other Old Irish Musics. Cló Iar-Chonnacht.

O’Murchu, T., 2003. Beara woman talking : the lore of Peig Minahane, folklore from the Beara Peninsula, Co. Cork /Collected by Liam Ó Murchú ; edited, arranged and translated by Martin Verling. Mercier Press, Cork.

Ó Súilleabháin, Diarmuid. ‘Carraig Aonair.’ Bruach na Carraige Báine, Cló Iar-Chonnacht, 1995.

O’Sullivan, T., 1992.  Bere Island; A Short History. Cork: Inisgragy Books.

Ordnance Survey of Ireland. Cork memoranda. 1842-1845. Typescript.

OSPAR, 2017. History of the OSPAR Convention.

OSPAR Commission, 2011. Annual OSPAR report on dumping of wastes or other matter at sea in 2009.

Palmer, R., Carson, J., Ruttledge, M., Drinan, E. and Wagner, T., 1997. Gill disease associated with Paramoeba, in sea reared Atlantic salmon in Ireland. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 17, pp.112–114.

Panckoucke, C.L.F. Victoires, conquêtes, désastres, revers et guerres civiles des Francais de 1792 à 1815 (1817-21).

Parsons, C., 2016. The Ordnance Survey and Modern Irish Literature.Oxford. Oxford University Press.

Pauly, D., Christensen, J., Dalsgaard, J., Froese, R. and Torres Jr., F., 1998. Fishing Down Marine Food Webs. Science, 279(5352), pp.860-863.

Pauly, D., Christensen, V., Guénette, S., Pitcher, T.J., Sumaila, U.R., Walters, C.J., Watson, R., and Zeller D., 2002. Towards sustainability in world fisheries. Nature, 418, pp.689–695.

Pearson, M. and M. Shanks (2001) Theatre/Archaeology. London: Routledge.

Pimm, S. L., Jones, H. L. and Diamond, J., 1988. On the Risk of Extinction. The American Naturalist, 132(6), pp.757–785.

Porter, A., 2009. ‘Fisheries observers as enforcement assets: Lessons from the North Pacific. Marine Policy, 34(3), pp.583-589.

Purvis, A., Gittleman, J. L., Cowlishaw, G. and Mace, G. M., 2000. Predicting extinction risk in declining species.Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences, 267, pp.1947–1952.

Quinn, R, Breen, C, Forsythe, W, Barton, K, Rooney, S and O’Hara, D (2002) Integrated geophysical surveys of The French Frigate La-Surveillante (1797), Bantry Bay, Co. Cork, Ireland. Journal of Archaeological Science, 29 (4). pp. 413-422.

Raven, J., Caldeira, K., Elderfield, H., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Liss, P., Riebesell, U. and Watson, A., 2005. Ocean acidification due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. Policy Document, 5(12), p.60.

Read, P. and Fernandes, T., 2003. Management of environmental impacts of marine aquaculture in Europe. Aquaculture, 226(1-4), pp.139–163.

Renouf, L.P.W., 1931. On a new species of Alcyonarian, Parerythropodium hibernicumActa Zoologica 12, pp.205-223

Rogan, E. and Mackey, M., 2007. ‘Megafauna bycatch in drift nets for albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) in the NE Atlantic. Fisheries Research, 86(1), pp.6–14.

Rogan, E., Penrose, R., Gassner, I., Mackey, M.J. and Clayton, P. (2001).  Marine Mammal Strandings 1994-1999 A collaborative study for the Irish Sea. Maritime INTERREG Series, (8), pp.1-56.

RTE, 2018. Expert Warns of Microbeads Entering the Foodchain.

Ruane, N. M. and Jones, S. R. M., 2013. Amoebic Gill Disease (AGD) of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). ICES Identification Leaflets for Diseases and Parasites of Fish and Shellfish, (Leaflet No.60), p.66.

Ruiz, G. M., Carlton, J. T., Grosholz, E. D. and Hines, A. H., 1997. Global Invasions of Marine and Estuarine Habitats by Non-Indigenous Species : Mechanisms, Extent, and Consequences. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 37(6), pp.621–632.

Ryan, J., Ireland, from the earliest times to A. D. 800 (Dublin, n.d.)

Rynne, C., 2006. Industrial Ireland, 1750-1930, An Archaeology. Cork.

Sabine, C. L., Feely, R. A., Gruber, N., Key, R. M., Lee, K., Bullister, J. L. and Rios, A. F., 2004. The Oceanic Sink for Anthropogenic CO2. Science, 305(5682), pp.367–371.

Sea Change, 2006. A Marine Knowledge, Research and Innovation Strategy for Ireland, 2007-2013. Marine Institute, 172.

Sellner, K. G., Doucette, G. J. and Kirkpatrick, G. J., 2003. Harmful algal blooms: Causes, impacts and detection. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 30(7), pp383–406.

Shephard S., MacIntyre, C. and Gargan, P., 2016. Aquaculture and environmental drivers of salmon lice infestation and body condition in sea trout. Aquaculture Environment Interactions, 8, pp.597–610.

Shields, Lisa and Fitzgerald, Denis,  The ‘Night of the Big Wind’ in Ireland, 6-7 January 1839Irish Geography, Volume 22, Issue 1, 1989.

Silvertown, J., 2009. A new dawn for citizen science. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24(9), pp.467–71.

Smith, C., 1815. The Ancient and Present State of the City and County of Cork. 2 vols. Cork.

Squires, D., Joseph, J. and Groves, T., 2010. Buybacks in Fisheries. In  R. Allen,  J. A. Joseph and D. Squires eds., Conservation and Management of Transnational Tuna Fisheries. Wiley-Blackwell.

Stokes, K., O Neill, K. and Mcdonald, R., 2006. Invasive Species in Ireland. Report to Environment & Heritage Service and National Parks and Wildlife Service by Quercus, Queens University.

Summerfield, M.A., 1991. Global Geomorphology. Longman, Singapore.

Sweeney, J., Brereton, T., Byrne, C., Charlton, R., Emblow, C., Fealy, R., Holden, N., Jones, M., Donnelly, A., Moore, S., Purser, P., Byrne, K., Farrell, E., Mayes, E., Minchin, D., Wilson, J. and Wilson, J., 2003. Climate Change: Scenarios and Impacts for Ireland. Environmental Protection Agency, Johnstown Castle, Wexford, p.229.

Teuten, E. L., Saquing, J. M., Knappe, D. R. U., Barlaz, M. A., Jonsson, S., Björn, A. and Takada, H., 2009. Transport and release of chemicals from plastics to the environment and to wildlife. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 364(1526), pp.2027–45.

Theodoru, J.A., 2002. Current and future technological trends of European seabass-seabream culture. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 10, pp.529-543.

Thom, B.G. and Hall, W., 1991. Behaviour of beach profiles during accretion and erosion dominated periods. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 16(2), pp.113-127.

Thomas, D. N., 2002. Seaweeds. Natural History Museum of London. Life Series. Natural History Museum (London).

Thompson, R. C., Moore, C. J., Vom Saal, F. S. and Swan, S. H., 2009. Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364(1526), pp.2153-2166.

Thorstad, E. B., Fleming, I. A., McGinnity, P., Soto, D., Wennevik, V. and Whoriskey, F., 2008. Incidence and impacts of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in nature. NINA Special Report 36.

Thresher, R. E., and Kuris, A. M., 2004. Options for managing invasive marine species. Biological Invasions, 6(3), pp.295–300.

Tidd AN, Vermard Y, Marchal P, Pinnegar J, Blanchard JL, Milner-Gulland EJ (2015) Fishing for Space: Fine-Scale Multi-Sector Maritime Activities Influence Fisher Location Choice. PLoS ONE 10(1): e0116335. 

Townsend, Rev. Horatio, Statistical Survey of the County of Cork (1810)

Twiner, M. J., Rehmann, N., Hess, P. and Doucette, G. J., 2008. Azaspiracid shellfish poisoning: A review on the chemistry, ecology, and toxicology with an emphasis on human health impacts. Marine Drugs, 6(2), pp.39–72.

Tyler, C. R. and Jobling, S., 2008. Roach, Sex, and Gender-Bending Chemicals: The Feminization of Wild Fish in English Rivers. Bioscience, 58(11), p.1051.

United Nations. 2010. Resumed Review Conference on the Agreement Relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks.

UNEC, 1998. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, 1998. Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access To Justice in Environmental Matters, Aarus Convention 25.

Van Atten, A. S., 1997. Comparison of fishermen catch reports to observer data. In T.A. McVea and S.J. Kennelly, eds., Proceedings of the fifth international fisheries observer conference—15–18, May, 2007, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Cronulla, Australia: NSW Department of Primary Industries, Cronulla Fisheries Research Centre of Excellence, p.412.

van Sebille, E., England, M. H. and Froyland, G., 2012. Origin, dynamics and evolution of ocean garbage patches from observed surface drifters. Environmental Research Letters, 7, 044040.

Verling, M., 1986. Leabhar Phadraig Ui Mhurchu: Scealta agus Seanchas o Iarthuaisceart Bhearra.  Roinn Stair na hEireann (Bealoideas), UCC (Unpublished MA Thesis).

Verling, M., 1990. Beara Woman Talking: Folklore from Beara Peninsula. Mercier Press. Cork.

Wakefield, E., 1812. An Account of Ireland Statistical and Political in Two Volumes. London.

Walsh, M., and Watson, L., 2011. A market analysis towards the further development of seaweed aquaculture in Ireland. Irish Sea Fisheries Board, Dublin, Part 1, pp.1– 48.

Walters, C.J., Watson, R., Zeller, D., Pauly, D., Christensen, V., Guénette, S., and  Zeller, D., 2002.  World Fisheries. Nature, 41 (8 August), pp.689-695.

Warner, S., 2004. An analysis of the indirect effect of national marine fisheries service observers on the logbook reporting of prohibited species catch. In: NMFS. Proceedings of the third international fisheries observer conference. US Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memos, NMFS-F/SPO-64, 2004. p.192.

Watkins, S. M., 2008. Neurotoxic Shellfish Poisoning. Marine Drugs, 6(3), pp.430–455.

Watson, R., Gelchu, A., and Pauly, D., 2001. Mapping Fisheries Landings with
Emphasis on the North Atlantic. Mapping Fisheries Landings, pp.1–11.

Webster, I.T., Ford, P.W., Robson, B., Margvelashvili, N. and Parslow, J.S., 2003. Conceptual Models of the Hydrodynamics, Fine-Sediment Dynamics, Biogeochemistry, and Primary Production in the Fitzroy Estuary. Cooperative Research Centre for Coastal Zone, Estuary & Waterway Management Technical Report #8.

Welch, Robert. Changing States: Transformations in Modern Irish Writing. London: Routledge, 1993.

Wheeler, A. 1970. Gobius cruentatus, a fish new to northern European fauna. Journal of Fish Biology 2, pp.59-67.

White, P., 2005. Decommissioning requirements for Ireland’s Demersal and Shellfish Fleets. A report to Marine Minister, Pat the Cope Gallagher T.D.

Wilcox, C., Van Sebille, E., and Hardesty, B.D., 2015. Threat of plastic pollution to seabirds is global, pervasive, and increasing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(38), 11899-11904.

Wild, C., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Naumann, M. S., Colombo-Pallotta, M. F., Ateweberhan, M., Fitt, W. K. and Van Woesik, R., 2011. Climate change impedes reef ecosystem engineers. Marine and Freshwater Research, 62, pp.205–215.

Woodworth, P. L., Gregory, J. M. and Nicholls, R. J., 2005. Long term sea level changes and their impacts. In A. R. Robinson and K. H. Brink, eds., The global coastal ocean: multiscale interdisciplinary processes. Cambridge, Massachusetts, pp.715-753.

Woolf, D. K., Challenor, P. G. and Cotton, P. D., 2002. Variability and predictability of the North Atlantic wave climate. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(10), p.3145.

WTO / World Tourism Organization, 2004. Indicators of Sustainable Development for Tourism Destinations: A Guidebook.

Yeats. W.B. “Reveries over Childhood and Youth.” The Collected Works of W. B. Yeats. Ed. Douglas N. Archibald and William H. O’Donnell. Vol. 3. New York: Scribner, 1999. 37–108.

Zerefos, C., et al.“Chromatic ratios in art paintings and digital pictures as a new tool in estimating aerosol optical depths”, Conference “Volcanoes, Climate, and Society. Bicentenary of the great Tambora eruption”, Bern, Switzerland, 7-10 April 2015.

 **Please note that at the time of publication, all links to external references were active and verified.**