Fisheries & Aquaculture


Farmed Escapees

Einum, S. & Fleming, S. (1997). Genetic divergence and interactions in the wild among native, farmed and hybrid Atlantic salmon. Journal of Fish Biology 50: 634-651.

Jackson, D., Drumm, A., McEvoy, S., Jensen, O., Mendiola, D., Gabina, G., Black, K. D. (2015) A pan-European valuation of the extent, causes and cost of escape events from sea cage fish farming. Aquaculture, 436, 21–26.

McGinnity, P., Prodöhl, P., Ferguson, A., Hynes, R., Maoiléidigh, N. O., Baker, N., Cross, T. (2003) Fitness reduction and potential extinction of wild populations of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, as a result of interactions with escaped farm salmon. Proceedings. Biological Sciences /  The Royal Society, 270(1532), 2443– 50.

Read, P., & Fernandes, T. (2003) Management of environmental impacts of marine aquaculture in Europe. Aquaculture, 226(1-4), 139–163.

Thorstad, E.B., Fleming, I.A., McGinnity, P., Soto, D., Wennevik, V. & Whoriskey, F. (2008) Incidence and impacts of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in nature. NINA Special Report 36.


Chislock, M. F., Doster, E., Zitomer, R. A. & Wilson, A. E. (2013) Eutrophication: Causes, Consequences, and Controls in Aquatic EcosystemsNature Education Knowledge 4(4):10

Jessopp M, Mulholland O, McAllen R, Johnson MP, Crowe TP, Allcock AL (2007) Coastline configuration as a determinant of structure in larval assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series 352:67–75

Watkins, S. M. (2008) Neurotoxic Shellfish Poisoning. Marine Drugs, 6(3), 430–455.

Seaweed/Algae Mariculture

FAO (2002) The state of world fisheries and aquaculture, FAO, Sofia.

Indergaard, M. and Minsaas, J. 1991 2. Animal and Human Nutrition. in Guiry, M.D. and Blunden, G. 1991. Seaweed Resources in Europe : Uses and Potential. John Wiley & Sons.

Guiry, M (2010). ‘History of Seaweed in Ireland’. In ‘World Seaweed Resources’, UNESCO. Ed. A.T. Critchley, M. Ohno. D.B. Largo.

O’Murchu, T. (2003) Beara woman talking : the lore of Peig Minahane, folklore from the Beara Peninsula, Co. Cork /Collected by Liam Ó Murchú ; edited, arranged and translated by Martin Verling. Mercier Press, Cork.

Morrissey, K., O’Donoghue, C., & Hynes, S. (2011). Quantifying the value of multisectoral marine commercial activity in Ireland. Marine Policy, 35(5), 721–727.

Sea Change (2006). A Marine Knowledge, Research and Innovation Strategy for Ireland, 2007-2013. Marine Institute. 172pp.

Verling, M. (1986) Leabhar Phadraig Ui Mhurchu: Scealta agus Seanchas o Iarthuaisceart Bhearra.  Roinn Stair na hEireann (Bealoideas), UCC (Unpublished MA Thesis).

Verling, M. (1990) Beara Woman Talking: Folklore from Beara Peninsula. Mercier Press. Cork.

Walsh, M., & Watson, L. (2011). A market analysis towards the further development of seaweed aquaculture in Ireland. Irish Sea Fisheries Board, Dublin, Part 1, 1– 48

Need for Space

Bax, N., Williamson, A., Aguero, M., Gonzalez, E., & Geeves, W. (2003). Marine invasive alien species: A threat to global biodiversity. Marine Policy, 27(4), 313–

Clarke, M., Farrell, E.D., Roche, W., Murray, T.E., Foster, S. and Marnell, F. (2016) Ireland Red List No. 11: Cartilaginous fish [sharks, skates, rays and chimaeras]. National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Arts, Heritage, Regional, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. Dublin, Ireland.

FAO (2002) The state of world fisheries and aquaculture, FAO, Sofia.

Molnar, J.L., Gamboa, R.L. Revenga, C. & Spalding, M.D. (2008) Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 6(9): 485–492,

Theodorou, J.A. (2002). Current and future technological trends of European seabass– seabream culture. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 10, 529–543.

Tidd, A.N., Vermard, Y., Marchal, P., Pinnegar, J., Blanchard, J.L.&  Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2015) Fishing for Space: Fine-Scale Multi-Sector Maritime Activities Influence Fisher Location Choice. PLoS ONE 10(1)

Amoebic Gill Disease 

Adams, M. B., Crosbie, P. B. B., & Nowak, B. F. (2012) Preliminary success using hydrogen peroxide to treat Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., affected with experimentally induced amoebic gill disease (AGD). Journal of Fish Diseases, 35: 839–848.

EFSA (2009) Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain on a request from the European Commission on Marine Biotoxins in Shellfish – Summary on regulated marine biotoxins. The EFSA Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 1306, 1-23.

Palmer, R., Carson, J., Ruttledge, M., Drinan, E., & Wagner, T. (1997). Gill disease associated with Paramoeba, in sea reared Atlantic salmon in Ireland. Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 17: 112–114

Ruane, N. M., & Jones, S. R. M. (2013). Amoebic Gill Disease (AGD) of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). ICES Identification Leaflets for Diseases and Parasites of Fish and Shellfish, (Leaflet No.60), 6pp.

Shephard S., MacIntyre, C. & Gargan, P.(2016) Aquaculture and environmental drivers of salmon lice infestation and body condition in sea trout.Aquaculture Environment Interactions. Vol. 8: 597–610

Decommissioning Schemes

Holland, D., Gudmundsson, E. & Gates, J. 1999. Do fishing vessel buyback programs work: a survey of the evidence. Mar. Policy, 23 (1): 47-69.

Squires, D., Joseph, J. & Groves, T. (2010)  Buybacks in Fisheries. In  R. Allen, J.A. Joseph &  D. Squires (eds.) Conservation and Management of Transnational Tuna Fisheries. Wiley-Blackwell.

White, P. (2005) Decommissioning requirements for Ireland’s Demersal and Shellfish Fleets. A report to Marine Minister, Pat the Cope Gallagher T.D.


Althaus, F., Williams, A., Schlacher, T. A., Kloser, R. J., Green, M. A., Barker, B. A.,
Schlacher-Hoenlinger, M. A. (2009). Impacts of bottom trawling on deep-coral
ecosystems of seamounts are long-lasting. Marine Ecology Progress Series,
397(March 2016), 279–294.

Ball, B., Munday, B., Fox, G. 1999. The impact of a Nephrops otter trawl fishery on the benthos of the Irish Sea. Journal of Shellfish Research, 18 (2)708

Brown, J., & Macfadyen, G. (2007). Ghost fishing in European waters: Impacts and management responses. Marine Policy, 31(4), 488–504.

Cosgrove, R., Cronin, M., Reid, D., Gosch, M., Sheridan, M., Chopin, N., & Jessopp, M. (2013). Seal depredation and bycatch in set net fisheries in Irish waters. Fisheries Resource Series, 10.

Evans, D., & Roma, C. (2006).The Habitats of the European Union Habitats Directive, 173(3), 167–173.

Hall, M. A., Alverson, D. L., & Metuzals, K. I. (2000) By-catch: Problems and solutions. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 41(1-6), 204–219.

Furlong, W., Martin, P.M. (2000) Observer deployment in the fishery and regulatory self-enforcement. In: IIFET Proceedings. Corvallis, OR: International Institute of Fisheries and Trade.

Lewison, R. L., Crowder, L. B., Read, A. J., & Freeman, S. A. (2004). Understanding impacts of fisheries bycatch on marine megafauna. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 19(11), 598–604.

Lokkeborg, S., & Robertson, G. (2002) Seabird and longline interactions: Effects of a bird-scaring streamer line and line shooter on the incidental capture of northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis). Biological Conservation, 106(3), 359–364.

Macfayden, G., Huntington, T., & Cappell, R. (2009) Abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, 115

Porter, A. (2009) Fisheries observers as enforcement assets: Lessons from the North Pacific.

Rogan, E., & Mackey, M. (2007) Megafauna bycatch in drift nets for albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) in the NE Atlantic. Fisheries Research, 86(1), 6–14.

VanAtten, A.S. (1997) Comparison of fishermen catch reports to observer data. In: McVea T.A., Kennelly, S.J. (Eds), Proceedings of the fifth international fisheries observer conference—15–18, May, 2007, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Cronulla, Australia: NSW Department of Primary Industries, Cronulla Fisheries Research Centre of Excellence, 412.

Warner, S. (2004). An analysis of the indirect effect of national marine fisheries service observers on the logbook reporting of prohibited species catch. In: NMFS. Proceedings of the third international fisheries observer conference. US Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memos, NMFS-F/SPO-64, 2004. p.192.

 Discard Ban

Alverson, D.L., Freeberg, M.H., Murawski, S.A., Pope, J.G., (1994). A global assessment of fisheries bycatch and discards. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, 339, 233.

Borges, L., Rogan, E., and Officer, R. 2005a. Discarding by the demersal fishery in the waters around Ireland. Fisheries Research, 76: 1 –13

Cosgrove, R., Graham, N., Curtin, R., Moore, S.-J., Kelly, E., & Keatinge, M. (2015). At sea simulation of the operational and economic impacts of the landing obligation on Irish demersal fisheries. Report to the Discard Implementation Group, (February), 13.

European Parliament and Council of the European Union. (2013). REGULATION (EU) No 1380/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 December 2013 on the Common Fisheries Policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1954/2003 and (EC) No 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 2371/2002 and (EC) No. 639/2004 and Council Decision 2004/585. Official Journal of the European Union, L354(28.12.2013), 22–61.

Evans, S.M., Hunter, J.E., Elizal, Wahju, R.I.(1994) Composition and fate of the catch and bycatch in the Farne Deep (North Sea) Nephrops fishery. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 51, 155– 168.

Quotas and Total Allowable Catch

Karagiannakos, A. (1996). Total Allowable Catch (TAC) and quota management system in the European Union. Marine Policy, 20(3), 235–248.

Additional Resources

Aquaculture Licence Appeal Board 


Bord Iascaigh Mhara Aquaculture Survey 2014 

Daithi O Murchu Marine Research Station 

Ellen Hutchins Festival 

Irish Folklore Commission: Seaweed

Inland Fisheries Ireland 

Save Bantry Bay 

Salmon Watch Ireland 

The Seaweed Site


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